It can be assumed that all edding products are "vegan". However, we cannot say this with complete certainty. To do so, we would need the confirmations of all our suppliers, which we currently do not have. It is highly unlikely that animal ingredients are used in our markers and writing instruments. We do not initiate or perform animal testing on our products. Unfortunately, it cannot be completely ruled out that raw materials that have been on the market for a long time may have been tested on animals before they were introduced.